x Book: OEE For Operators

OEE For Operators was in 1999 the first book ever to be written about OEE and it is still very suitable to get a quick insight in the subject.

The book is part of the Shingo Prize winning Shopfloor Series

OEE for Operators: the essence of OEE

Overall Equipment Effectiveness (OEE) is a crucial measure in TPM that reports on how well equipment is running.

It factors three elements — -the time the
machine is actually running, the quantity of products the machine is turning out, and the quantity of good output – into a single combined score.

The basic concepts made easy

Directly addressing those who are best positioned to track and improve the effectiveness of equipment, OEE for Operators defines basic concepts and then provides a systematic explanation of how OEE should be applied to maximize a piece of equipment’s productivity and recognize when its efficiency is being compromised.

Productivity Development Team – 1999 – $29,95  [Buy: Productivity Press]

Also see its successor:

OEE for the Productionteam


x Book: Hansen – Overall Equipment Effectiveness

Bookcover Hansen Overall Equipment Effectiveness

Written primarily for those responsible for the reliability of equipment and the production operation, this innovative book centers on developing and measuring true Overall Equipment Effectiveness (OEE).

The author demonstrates that true OEE correlates with factory output, provides a methodology to link OEE with net profits that can be used by reliability managers to build solid business cases for improvement projects, and draws on his own experience by presenting successful improvement applications in every chapter.

Additionally, it will also help practitioners better understand Total Productive Maintenance (TPM) and develop an effective foundation to support Reliability-Centered Maintenance (RCM).

Robert Hansen – 2002 – $47,95  [Buy: Industrial Press]


[Found on Amazon.com]
5.0 out of 5 stars The Hidden Factory Unlocked, April 24, 2002
By mike moll (Rochester, New York United States)
As a practitioner of Equipment Reliability and the person responsible for Equipment Operational Effectiveness, I found Mr. Hansens’ views of OEE extremely accurate and useful. His interpretations and the posturing of OEE with factory output demonstrates the importance of reliability to the corporate bottom line. Many companies continuously ignore the importance of unlocking the hidden factory and don’t realize the waste generated by ignoring OEE concepts. Mr. Hansen, in 274 pages, gives a complete and compact version that any corporate manager, by being proactive and a visionary, can utilize to change costs into profits. Reliability and OEE technologies appear to be fairly new to much of the industrial world. Mr. Hansen decribes in his book a cultural change, that if followed,will help produce a payback welcomed by any corporate institution. His writing is easy to understand by both new and old Reliability/OEE practitioners. He has written in an orderly fashion with each chapter building on, and complementing the previous. The book describes in a step by step fashion the concept of true OEE, which when practiced will unlock the hidden factory. As Mr. Hansen points out; “If you are not supporting Reliability, then you are supporting failures”.

[Found on amazon.com]
By Ir Pitoyo Amrih
Improving the manufacturing plant can goes nowhere if you go blind. Seiichi Nakajima gave that vision by his OEE’s ideas. And this book…, this book can make that vision better and better…

[Found on amazon.com]
By Carlos Soto “knowledge eater” (MEDELLIN, Colombia)
It has been a surprise to find a book that goes right to the point of company’s problem. What to measure?
This indicator, which born on TPM’s methodology,is a valuable tool that let from top managers up to bottom line operators, to work with the same system’s focus, with the same language, without complicated calculus throughout the areas.
It is easy to read and easy to comprehend. It should be present on every library’s manager.

[Found on amazon.com]
5.0 out of 5 stars A very simple tool that saves manufacturers thousands., May 31, 2002
By Don (Business Industrial Network) “bin95dotcom” (St. Louis, MO USA)
If you want to make someone’s day, (and they are in maintenance or production:>), give them a copy of Mr. Hansen’s book on OEE. He shows us how to capitalize on a very simple formula to save thousands by investing a little time and the knowledge in his book. It surprising how many do not know about OEE, so don’t assume they do.
The overall performance of a single piece of equipment, or even an entire factory, will always be governed by the cumulative impact of the three OEE factors: Availability , Performance Rate, and Quality Reject Rate.
Availability X Performance X Quality= OEE
With the knowledge and utilization of the OEE calculation, it is common to realize greater than 40% increase in your bottom line. If you’re making a profit now, just think of the opportunity. More importantly, OEE is the glue that sustains other initiatives by enabling all to clearly see where to focus, and the results of those focused efforts. The exciting point is that OEE is a simple method of measuring, you can start utilizing it Today!
My challenge to the industry is to Stop OEE Ignorance, and spread the word about this valuable tool. So I recommend you buy Mr. Hansen’s book today.

x Book: Koch – OEE for the Production Team

Bookcover Koch: OEE for the productionteamYour machinery could actually be twice as large as you think. See, in addition to every machine there is often an identical ‘hidden’ machine. This great OEE book, OEE for the Production Team, reveals the trick to find this hidden capacity and use it.

The mystery of the hidden machine

‘The mystery of the hidden machine’ offers you the key to unlocking this secret: Overall Equipment Effectiveness (OEE). This measuring instrument, which originated in Japan, sheds light on production losses. It consequently enables them to be solved using improvement strategies such as TPM, Lean Manufacturing or Six Sigma.

OEE for the Production Team: also for staff and management!

‘OEE for the Production Team’ is suitable for both extensive study and a quick scan of the key points of OEE. In other words, it is the ideal guide for operators, mechanics and team leaders, as well as management and human resources. OEE, according to the description in this book, is more than just a measuring tool; it is the foundation for improving effectiveness.

OEE implementation

In order to achieve this, a number of things must be arranged properly during the OEE implementation. You can proceed through the eight steps described one at a time.

Once OEE has been implemented, you carry out a critical step by step evaluation in order to determine if any improvements can be made to the measuring system.

Arno Koch – 2007 – € 41,99   [Buy: Amazon]

x Buch: Koch – OEE für das Produktionsteam

OEE Buch - Koch: OEE für das produktionsteamIhr Maschinenpark ist möglicherweise doppelt so groß, wie Sie vermuten. Neben jeder Maschine steht nämlich oft noch eine ‚verborgene’ Maschine. Dieses OEE Buch beschreibt die Kunst, diese verborgenen Kapazitäten zu erkennen, sichtbar zu machen und zu nutzen.

Der Schlüssel zur verborgenen Maschine

Dieses Buch liefert Ihnen den Schlüssel um die verborgenen Maschine zu entdecken: Overall Equipment Effectiveness (OEE) oder zu Deutsch Gesamtanlageneffektivität (GEFF). Das ursprünglich aus Japan kommende Instrument OEE macht Produktionsverluste sichtbar, so dass diese durch Optimierungsstrategien wie TPM (Total Productive Management), Lean Production oder Six Sigma beseitigt werden können.

Unverzichtbarer Ratgeber

Das Buch ist eine grundlegende Studie, bietet sich aber auch als eine Einführung in die Grundthesen von OEE an. Es ist ein unverzichtbarer Ratgeber sowohl für Maschinenbediener, Techniker und Teamleiter als auch für das Management. Das Buch beantwortet viele wichtige Fragen, z.B.

  • Wie wird OEE berechnet?
  • Welche Zeiten werden in der OEE berücksichtigt und welche nicht?
  • Was kann man mit OEE erreichen?
  • Wie kann man OEE manipulieren?
  • Kann man OEE zum Benchmarking verwenden?

Der Autor

Autor Arno Koch ist Unternehmensberater und einer der Pioniere in der praktischen Umsetzung des OEE-Konzepts in ein unverzichtbares Werkzeug für den Produktionsbereich. Arno Koch ist auch Autor des OEE Toolkit (1999) und des OEE Industry Standard (2001).

Dieses Buch ist ein Muss für jeden, der sich mit betrieblichen Verbesserungen beschäftigt!

Arno Koch – 2008 – € 39,95 [Buy at CETPM Publishing]

Eine gute Hilfe bei der Einführung

[Found on Amazon.de]
5.0 von 5 Sternen – Kurz & bündig, 8. März 2009
Von hewoleo (Wien) (amazon.de)
Ich habe das Buch in einem Zug ausgelesen. Es ist unterhaltsam geschrieben, die Zielgruppe Mitarbeiter der Produktion ist damit nicht überfordert.
Es war eine gute Hilfe bei der Einführung von OEE. Es fehlen zwar Literaturhinweise zur Weiterführung, aber dies ist kein Beinbruch.

Sehr gut und kritisch geschrieben

[Found on CETPM.DE]
Jens Boehme – Krones AG – Mittwoch, 25.11.2009
habe vor Kurzen den TPM Instruktorkurs absolviert und Arno Koch persönlich kennengelernt,
kann nur positives berichten. Sein Buch ist sehr gut und kritisch geschrieben, zumal er dort auch auf gefahren der OEE bei falscher Anwendung hinweist.
Also Buch kaufen und lesen!


[Found on CETPM.DE]
Stefan Belkot – Dienstag, 08.12.2009
Mittlerweile habe ich das Buch in Händen gehabt und direkt mal an unseren OEE-Verantwortlichen ausgeliehen, nachdem ich selbst etwas darin gestöbert habe.
Kurzrezension in einem Wort: Empfehlenswert!
Als Argumentationsgrundlage, wie in meinem Fall, natürlich nur zu gebrauchen wenn die Verantwortlichen das Buch kennen 😉
Dafür werde ich wohl zuerst sorgen müssen 😉
Das Buch lässt sich wirklich fließend lesen und mein erster Eindruck ist: Jeder der mit OEE in irgendeiner Form Kontakt hat – zuallererst natürlich im Bereich Management und Entwicklung eines OEE-Systems – sollte sich die paar Stunden Zeit nehmen und das Buch lesen.

x Boek: Koch – OEE voor het Productieteam

Uw machinepark kan wel eens dubbel zo groot zijn als u denkt. Naast elke machine staat namelijk vaak nog een zelfde ‘verborgen’ machine. Dit excellente OEE boek beschrijft op zeer leesbare wijze de kunst om deze verborgen capaciteit zichtbaar te maken en te gebruiken.

Het mysterie van de verborgen machine

‘Het mysterie van de verborgen machine’ biedt u de sleutel tot dit geheim; Overall Equipment Effectiveness (OEE). Dit van oorsprong Japanse meetinstrument maakt productieverliezen inzichtelijk, zodat ze met behulp van verbeterstrategieen als TPM, Lean Manufacturing of Six Sigma opgelost kunnen worden.

In 8 stappen naar een werkende OEE

De implementatie van OEE kent vele valkuilen. Dit boek neemt je op eenvoudige wijze mee door 8 stappen die leiden tot een succesvolle OEE implementatie. Hierbij wordt de shopfloor geactiveerd als cruciale partij voor elk continue verbetertraject en het management behoed voor klassieke valkuilen.

Voor het produktieteam, maar óók voor staf en management!

Het boek is geschikt voor zowel diepgaande bestudering als voor een snelle scan van de kernpunten van OEE. Een handige leidraad dus voor zowel operators, onderhoudsmensen en teamleiders, als voor management en stafdiensten.

Het OEE boek dat de standaard zet

OEE voor het productieteam is het eerste Nederlandstalige OEE boek ooit. Het is de opvolger van het allereerste boek over OEE: OEE for operators shopfloorteam uit 1999. Het boek werd in 2019 uitgebracht in een geheel herziene nieuwe versie.

Ook in Duits, Engels en Portugees!


Arno Koch – 2007 – €32,50   [Buy: Amazon]

x Buch: Hintringer – Overall Equipment Effectiveness (OEE)

In Zeiten von High-Tech und komplexen Fertigungsstrukturen ist es unumgänglich, betriebliche Anlagen so effektiv als möglich zu nutzen.

Viele Unternehmen handeln unwirtschaftlich, verschwenden bestehende Ressourcen in der Produktion, schaffen zusätzliche Ressourcen anstelle einer effektiveren Nutzung der bestehenden Ressourcen.

Oft falsch angewendet

Der OEE ist ein Werkzeug um die Effektivität zu messen, wird aber oftmals in der Praxis falsch angewendet oder interpretiert. Dieses Buch zeigt auf, wie der OEE in der Produktion sinnvoll eingesetzt werden kann, und dessen Eignung als Effektivitätsmaß der Produktion.

Hintringer OEE und andere Kennzahlen

Spezielle Rahmenbedingungen wie vorliegende Engpässe, sowie Wechselwirkungen auf andere logistische Kennzahlen und dem OEE sind weitgehendst unbekannt und werden in diesem Buch mittels Berechnungsbeispielen thematisiert.

Gregor Hintringer – 2010 – € 49,00   [Buy at Amazon.de]

x Book: Stamatis – The OEE Primer

Breaking down the methodology from a historical perspective, this book addresses the issues of OEE, discussing both reliability and maintainability and exploring the overall effectiveness of machines.

It introduces the classical approach to improvement along with new methods that focus on design improvement, such as Hazard analysis, ROCOF, failure rate FEA, and TRIZ.

The author covers loss of effectiveness, new machinery, electrical maintenance issues, Weibull distribution, measurement techniques, as well as mechanical and electrical reliability.

In addition to providing a glossary, the text also includes tables, forms, and examples that enhance the material presented in each chapter.

D.H. Stamatis – 2010 – USD 54,95  [Buy: Productivity Press]

What’s changed in v1.8?

Release: v 1.8

Date: 1 May 2017


  • Data that is based on invalid/non-plausible date in shift-calculations (=mainscreen) is displayed transparent on charts
  • Clicking on Activity-category in charts -which are (not) grouped by Cycle- will display cycle in mainscreen.
  • Shift-data can now be locked (e.g. by teamleader) to lock cycle from editing
  • Shifts can be locked/unlocked in batches by via [Data] [Batch Update]
  • Charts / Reports display ‘invalid data’ message, taking into account every individual set of shift-data, not just the summary data (as it did before)
  • Performance of generating charts/reports has been improved in analysis
  • Number of ‘good products expected’ in production activity has been added


  • Random ordering in Effectiveness In Time when showing smaller or larger sets
  • Andon chart showing incorrectly losses (ex difference in results for Andon and EffectivenessInTime charts when only one cycle is shown (1-10-2015, Unifill2, Early)
  • Batch performance incorrect Y axis maximum value
  • Batch performance crashes when good products are not selected
  • Batch performance series do not page data correctly
  • Batch performance series are not correctly synchronized when only quality is shown (no split)
  • Period report displays activity duration in seconds, instead of minutes
  • Fixed bug in OutputInTime chart when Average is not selected
  • Database tool creates configuration file with empty name when there are no configuration files
  • Mainscreen IsValid property is no properly handled when calculating data
  • Mainscreen incorrect data on activity pareto chart
  • Choosing Line in Common filter options in analysis does not produce correct results
  • Andon chart does not display machine / line name in title
  • Availability In Time: fixed coloring for constant lines, coloring for point series

What’s changed in v1.7?

Release: v 1.7

Date: 1 April 2017


  • Added Solitaire calculation in CascadeLosses
  • Improved category naming in Effectiveness bar


  • Mainscreen: actual output not valid indicator not refreshing in SinglePiece mode
  • Mainscreen: adding a new product does not move focus to it
  • Cascade Losses: incorrect OEE calculation
  • Adding non-good product when non-good product is selected

x Theoretical maximum speed when manually unloading

Q: According to the fundamentals of ‘method-time measurement’, the standard time of an operation includes some fatigue allowance when the machine is loaded / unloaded manually by an operator.

Should I consider this standard time as theoretical maximum speed? Or should I eliminate the fatigue allowance from the standard time to find the theoretical maximum speed?

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